Although the exact causes of malignant hypertension are still unclear, there are several common treatments available. Treatment options for malignant hypertension depend on the severity of the disease and the signs and symptoms the patient presents. Many patients will undergo hospitalization, during which a doctor will monitor their signs and overall health. Blood pressure medicines are commonly administered via IV. These medications are the fastest way to lower blood pressure, and they can be adjusted to an oral version when necessary. Depending on the symptoms and possible causes of malignant hypertension, other treatment methods may be used, including dialysis or kidney transplants toonily.
Malignant hypertension can be diagnosed through a physical exam, which will reveal elevated blood pressure. Other concerning findings can be spotted through a physical exam, such as swelling in the lower legs, signs of fluid in the lungs, and changes in reflexes. If the blood pressure is elevated above the normal level, the doctor will likely order a blood test to confirm the diagnosis. Blood tests will reveal whether or not an organ has been damaged. Urine tests can detect kidney damage, and an ultrasound of the kidney can reveal if there is any damage. Blood tests will also reveal creatinine levels and urea nitrogen levels.
While most patients with dangerously elevated blood pressure don’t suffer permanent consequences, the condition can be life-threatening if untreated. Although the most common cause of malignant hypertension is uncontrolled high blood pressure, other causes include central nervous system disorders, such as stroke and traumatic brain injury. A doctor will need to monitor your blood pressure frequently in order to identify any possible risks or complication. Listed below are some of the most common causes of malignant hypertension.